Stamp number 549

Stamp No 549
form Cam 56
fabric TN
excavation Sheepen I
context 1933H&H
present Colchester Museum
inventory C33BS10
vr_cat_no 3
potter No 18
Die No 03G03
def Y
pos C
comment ICP
Dies 03G03, 03G05 - IVLLIO, back sloping L & letter O in 2 strokes
Cam 56L. TN - pale fine sandy matrix; black surfaces; highly polished upper, faceted polished lower. Reading:- IVLLIO. 1. 1 IC. CONDITION - standing base.
name1 Jul(l)ios I**$
name2
comment NA FABRIC A - V138 Die 01A01; FABRIC B - V139 Die 02H01, V520 Die 01B01; V544 Die 04G07 14196S
ICP SAMPLES Dies 02H01, 03G03, 03G05, 03G06, 07G01(BOLD), 07G02 (CW)

By some way the most common Name on TN in Britain with at least 65 stamps representing 23 different dies, the Jul(l)ios I assemblage exceeds the complete stamp-lists for any other British site. Probably the most unexpected fact however is that the range of dies represented at Colchester far exceeds that so far recorded for all continental sites. Stamps are recorded at both Haltern and Hofheim demonstrating that the name was used for at least two generations between AD1 and AD45 whilst the form range implies a longer span of nearer 65 years.

For an early detailed discussion on the potter or potters Jul(l)ios / Julius see Rigby 1981. Subsequent finds at Colchester on the Culver Street and Gosbecks Sites have added complications to the date range with new 2-line dies on Cam form 16 platters. Dies only represented at Colchester could indicate that a potter Jul(l)ios worked there possibly even in the pre-Claudian period. The current shortage of continental finds is more likely to be the result of inadequate sampling. One likely contender if IVLLOS P25 with dies on both TN and a CW copy.

DIES 01A01, 01A04, 01B01, 01C01, 01T01, 02E01, 02F01, 02G01, 02G02, 02H01, 02H02, 02H03, 02H05, 02J01,02J02, 02J03, 02J04, 02K01, 02K02, 03G03, 03G05, 03G06, 04G07, 06O01, 07G01, 08R01, 08R02, 09X01, 10Z01, 11Z01, 12Z01
DIE-STYLES 4 main styles but anything up to 12 different hands cut the dies.

Die 01A01 - IVLIO
FABRICS TN
FORMS Cam 56
SOURCE import.
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Thatcham 'Crookham House'; Trier (TR 51) TN Cam 56S; Wederath TB Cam 56L.
Die-group 01A at Dalheim, TN cup


Die 01A04 - IVIIO, poorly shaped L.
FABRIC ITN
FORM Cam 56
SOURCE ?import.
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Sheepen I

Die 01B01 - IVLIO
FABRICS TN
FORMS Cam 56, small platter
SOURCE import. .
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Sheepen I (2)
Die group 01B at Caudebec-les-Elbeuf

Die 01C01 - IOVA(usd) / IVLIO. A most unusual die which has to be read from opposite directions, and the potter's name IVLIO is on the second line, with AVOTI on the top line. This die-cutter clearly had problems.
FABRICS TN
FORMS small platters
SOURCE import.
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Chichester 'Chapel St'
Related 2-line dies read IOVA / IVLIO from one direction at Trier; Meckel; Speyer 'Judenbad' TN platter; Lebach, Cam 16


Die 01T01 - IVLIO / I' EC(I)T. Note FECIT replaces AVOTIS.
FABRICS TN
FORMS Cam 58
SOURCE import.
DATE AD50-75
DISTRIBUTION Lake Farm
Die-group 01T at Bavay 463

Die 02E01 - IVLIOS
FABRICS TN {TR}
FORMS Cam 56 {large platter}
SOURCE import.
DATE Die or Die group at Haltern
DISTRIBUTION Braughing (2); Sheepen I; Silchester; Haltern TR large platter

Die 02F01 - IVLIOS
FABRICS TN {TR, TR1A}
FORMS large & small platters{Cam 56}
SOURCE import.
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Verulamium; Sheepen I (2); Folio Society
Tournai (Deru info) TR1A large platter; Hofheim, TR Cam 56; Bavay

Dies 02G01, 02G02
FABRICS TN
FORMS Cam 56, small platters
SOURCE import. Chemical analysis of Die-groups 02G & 02H produced related results so Marne-Vesle sure.
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Baldock (2) & 'Icknield way Burial '; Sheepen I (4); Verulamium

Dies 03G03, 03G05 - IVLLIO, back sloping L & letter O in 2 strokes
FABRICS TN
FORMS Cam 5B, Cam 56, small platters
SOURCE Marne/Vesle.
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Sheepen I (6) & II; Nijmegen Cemetery S TN Cam 8.

Die 03G06
FABRICS TN
FORMS Cam 56, Cam 8
SOURCE Marne/Vesle
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Sheepen I & II (2); Colchester Fortress; Snailwell Grave; Thatcham 'Crookham House'

Die 04G08
FABRICS TN
FORMS Cam 5, Cam 8, Cam 14, Cam 56
SOURCE Marne/Vesle
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Baldock 'Icknield Way Burial'; Fishbourne; Duston; Sheepen I & II; Kent

Dies 02H01, 02H02, 02H03, 02H05 - IVL:IoS, L with curled bar, small o and note spots between letters.
FABRICS TN
FORMS Cam 5, Cam 8, Cam 56, small & large platters
SOURCE Marne/Vesle
Die-group 02H at Louvercy & Trepail. Chemical analysis of Die-groups 02G & 02H produced related results so Marne-Vesle sure. DATE
DISTRIBUTION Fishbourne; Silchester; Thatcham 'Crookham House'; Deal; Canterbury; Sheepen I (6) & Sheepen II; Nijmegen, Cemetery 0, TN Cam 8; Wederath, TN Cam 8; Lebach, TN Cam 56.

Die group 02H at Hunnerberg, TN & TR Cam 56;Nijmegen, Cemetery O, Cam 12; Andernach 'Agrippastrasse', TN Cam 8/7

Dies 02J01, 02J02, 02J04
FABRICS TN
FORMS large platters
SOURCE import.
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Sheepen I (5)

Die 02J03
FABRICS TN
FORMS small platters
SOURCE import.
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Sheepen I

Die 02J04
FABRICS TN
FORMS small platters
SOURCE import.
DATE
DISTRIBUTION Sheepen I

Die 02K01
FABRICS TN
FORMS Cam 8, small platters
SOURCE import.
DATE AD50-75
DISTRIBUTION Gosbecks; Sheepen I (1), Nijmegen, Cemetery S, TN Cam 8; Hunnerberg, TR Cam 58;


Die 02K02
FABRICS TN
FORMS Cam 8
SOURCE import.
DATE AD50-75
DISTRIBUTION Gosbecks;




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